The Chinese collection at the British Museum includes the Buddhist paintings from the Dunhuang caves in Central Asia and the Admonitions of the Court Instructress (also called the Admonitions scroll), widely regarded as the most important scroll-painting in the history of Chinese art.

The Admonitions Scroll was restored and displayed in its new permanent housing in 2014. Above it now hangs the calligraphy work Hall of Ink Fragrance by renowned Chinese calligrapher Fu Shen, who wrote the three monumental characters as a title especially for the museum.

The Museum’s Chinese collection also includes examples of lacquer, bronze, jade, Chinese ceramics, and porcelain. The department also has one of the earliest and largest ethnographic collections of textiles and everyday objects from Southeast Asia.