The English National Opera (ENO) produces ground-breaking stagings of new and core repertoire with exceptionally high musical standards. In recent years ENO has had particular success in attracting new audiences to opera, forging creative partnerships with opera companies around the world and in developing the careers of young British opera singers.
The company traces its roots back to 1931 when Lilian Baylis established the Sadler’s Wells Opera Company at the newly re-opened the Sadler’s Wells Theatre.
Baylis was passionate about providing audiences with the best theatre and opera at affordable prices, a belief that remains today at the heart of ENO.
During the Second World War the Sadler’s Wells Theatre was closed and the company toured the provinces, returning to its home in June 1945 for the premiere of Benjamin Britten’s Peter Grimes, which proved to be the most important British opera since Purcell’s time. Britten remains at the heart of ENO’s repertoire and a new, sold-out production of Peter Grimes in 2009 was universally acclaimed.
In 1968 Sadler’s Wells Opera moved to the London Coliseum, a theatre designed by Frank Matcham in 1904 for the theatre impresario Oswald Stoll. Six years after the move to the London Coliseum, the Company was renamed English National Opera.
The ‘powerhouse’ years of the 1980s saw important productions by, among others, David Pountney, David Alden and Nicholas Hytner. In 1984 ENO became the first British opera company to tour the United States, and in 1990 the first major foreign opera company to tour what was then the Soviet Union.
In 1992 ENO acquired the freehold to the London Coliseum and in 2000 embarked on a four-year restoration programme supported by National Heritage Lottery Fund, English Heritage, The National Lottery through Arts Council England, Vernon and Hazel Ellis and a number of generous trust and individual donors to whom they are extremely grateful. The magnificently restored theatre re-opened in 2004.
Since the re-opening ENO has gone from strength to strength and in spring 2009 the Company received every available UK opera award for work in 2008, a unique achievement. More recently, ENO’s 2015/16 season saw the ENO Orchestra and Chorus honoured with the Olivier Award for Outstanding Achievement in Opera, and the ENO Chorus also triumphed in the International Opera Awards Chorus Category. Calixto Bieito’s production of The Force of Destiny was the winner of a Southbank Sky Arts Award.
In 2016, ENO revived Richard Wagner’s emotional five-hour masterpiece Tristan and Isolde for the first time in 20 years. Based on a medieval legend, the story is a romantic tragedy, told through sublime music as the two central lovers are parted in desperate circumstances and reunited only at death.
The opera was directed by Daniel Kramer, the ENO’s new artistic director, designed by the Turner Prize-winning sculptor Sir Anish Kapoor, and conducted by Edward Gardner, ENO’s former music director.